Florida Facts

floridaflagGeographical facts

  • Total Area – 58,560 square miles
  • Total land area – 54,136 square miles
  • Total water area – 4,424 square miles
  • Rank among states in total area – 22nd
  • Length north and south – 447 miles (St. Marys River to Key West)
  • Width east and west – 361 miles (Atlantic Ocean to Perdido River)
  • Distance from Pensacola to Key West – 792 miles (by road)
  • Highest Natural Point – 345 feet
  • Geographic Center – 12 miles northwest of Brooksville, Hernando County
  • Coastline – 1,197 statute miles
  • Tidal shoreline (general) – 2,276 statute miles
  • Beaches – 663 miles
  • Longest River – St. Johns, 273 miles
  • Largest Lake – Lake Okeechobee, 700 square miles
  • Largest county – Palm Beach, 2,578 square miles
  • Smallest county – Union, 245 square miles
  • Number of lakes (greater than 10 acres) – about 7,700
  • Number of first-magnitude springs – 33
  • Number of islands (greater than 10 acres) – about 4,500

Historical facts

  • First permanent European settlement – 1565, St. Augustine, by Spain
  • Acquired from Spain as a U.S. Territory – 1821
  • Admitted as 27th state of the U.S. – March 3, 1845

Current facts

  • Capital – Tallahassee
  • Population 2020 (estimate) – 20,216,600 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2015 (estimate) – 19,421,200 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2012 (estimate) – 19,074,434 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2010 – 18,801,310 (Rank 4th)
  • Population 2000 – 15,982,378
  • Population 1990 – 12,937,926
  • Population growth rate 2010-2015 (estimate) – 3.3%
  • Population growth rate 2000-2010 – 17.6%
  • Most populous metropolitan area 2012 – Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach:5,657,804 (estimate – Ranked 8th in the US)
  • Most populous metropolitan area 2010 – Miami-Ft. Lauderdale-Pompano Beach:5,564,635
  • Most populous County 2020 – Miami-Dade County: 2,722,900 (estimate)
  • Most populous County 2015 – Miami-Dade County: 2,600,900 (estimate)
  • Most populous County 2010 – Miami-Dade County: 2,496,435 (estimate)
  • Number of counties – 67
  • Form of government – Governor and cabinet consisting of Attorney General, Chief Financial Officer and Commissioner of Agriculture
  • State sales tax – 6%
  • State income tax – None
  • Legislature – 120 house districts, 40 senate districts, 25 congressional districts

Sources:
US Census Bureau
The Florida Handbook, Allen Morris. © 2003.
Florida Statistical Abstract, 2012